Andrew Carnegie - Famous Entrepreneur

Andrew Carnegie Net Worth


Andrew Carnegie was a Scottish-American industrialist who led the expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century. During his lifetime, Andrew Carnegie had a peak, inflation-adjusted, net worth of $310 billion, making him the 4th richest human being of all time. His wealth was accumulated through his successful ventures in the steel industry and his strategic business practices.

Key facts:

  • Andrew Carnegie led the expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century.
  • Carnegie is credited with expanding the American steel industry by mass producing steel and implementing vertical integration of steel production.
  • In 1909, he sold his company, the Carnegie Steel Company, to J.P. Morgan for $303 million, making him one of the wealthiest individuals of his time.
  • Throughout his life, Carnegie donated over 90% of his fortune to various foundations, charities, and organizations, making him one of the most-generous philanthropists in history.
  • Carnegie's legacy includes the establishment of numerous libraries, universities, and organizations dedicated to research, education, and peace.

Basic Information About Andrew Carnegie

CategoryBusiness β€Ί Billionaires
ProfessionsEntrepreneur, Businessperson, Business magnate
Net worth$310,000,000,000
Date of birth1835-11-25
Place of birthDunfermline
Date of death1919-08-11 (aged 83)
NationalityUnited States of America
Height5 ft 2 in (1.6002 m)
Social Mediaβ†—οΈŽ Wikipedia

Andrew Carnegie's photos

Net Worth Details

Andrew Carnegie, the Scottish-American industrialist, had a peak net worth of $310 billion during his lifetime. This staggering amount makes him the fourth richest human being of all time, adjusted for inflation. His personal fortune is considered equivalent to hundreds of billions in today’s dollars. Carnegie’s wealth mainly came from his pioneering efforts in expanding the American steel industry in the late 19th century.


What is Andrew Carnegie known for?

Andrew Carnegie is best known for his role in expanding the American steel industry. He mass-produced steel by adopting and adapting the Bessemer process, making it cheap and efficient. Carnegie implemented vertical integration in his steel production, enabling him to control every aspect of the steel-making process, from raw materials to distribution.

Early life and education

Andrew Carnegie was born on November 25th, 1835, in Dunfermline, Scotland. He grew up in extreme modesty in a two-room cottage with his parents, Margaret and William Carnegie. Despite their limited means, Carnegie’s parents instilled in him the importance of education and hard work.

In 1848, the family moved to Allegheny, Pennsylvania in the United States, seeking better opportunities. At the age of 13, Carnegie began working as a bobbin boy in a cotton mill, but his ambition and perseverance soon led him to become a telegraph messenger boy. He excelled in his work and eventually became the superintendent of the Western Division of the Pennsylvania Railroad Company.


Carnegie’s career took off when he started making strategic investments and forging valuable connections within the railroad industry. His business acumen and sharp managerial skills led to his first significant dividend check at the age of 21.

During the Civil War, Carnegie capitalized on the war effort by working for the Pennsylvania Railroad. He arranged successful mergers and engaged in businesses related to his primary investments, using less-than-ethical practices that were prevalent at the time.

His interests gradually shifted from the railroad industry to ironworks and steel, where he would make his mark as an industrial titan. By adopting the Bessemer process and implementing vertical integration, Carnegie revolutionized the steel industry, making it more affordable and accessible.


Carnegie’s contributions to the steel industry were game-changing. By adopting the Bessemer process, he was able to mass-produce steel at a fraction of the cost, driving down prices and boosting demand. Additionally, Carnegie’s vertical integration approach enabled him to control all stages of the steel production process, guaranteeing quality and efficiency.

Sale to J.P. Morgan

In 1909, Carnegie sold his steel company, Carnegie Steel Company, to financier John Pierpont Morgan for $303 million. Carnegie’s share in the sale amounted to over $225 million, equivalent to approximately $7 billion in today’s currency. Ultimately, the sale resulted in the establishment of the United States Steel Corporation, one of the most valuable companies in history.


Aside from his remarkable contributions to the steel industry, Andrew Carnegie is known for his exceptional philanthropy. Throughout his life, he donated over 90% of his wealth to various foundations, charities, and organizations.

Carnegie became a champion for education and reading by funding the construction of more than 3,000 libraries worldwide. He was instrumental in establishing the public library system in the United States and other English-speaking countries, providing access to knowledge and learning for generations to come.

In addition to his efforts in education, Carnegie supported scientific research, world peace initiatives, and the arts. He funded the construction of Carnegie Hall in New York City, as well as over 7,000 church organs around the world. His generosity extended to racial equality, as he backed initiatives by Booker T. Washington to improve education for African-Americans.

Andrew Carnegie left behind a lasting legacy through the various foundations and organizations he created or supported. Entities such as Carnegie Mellon University, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace continue to carry out his vision and make a positive impact on society.

Today, Andrew Carnegie is remembered not only for his immense wealth but also for his unparalleled philanthropy and contributions to American industry and culture.

References & Fact Checks βœ…

1/ Filename: andrew-carnegie-in-national-portrait-gallery-img-4441-Gy7srpXJ.jpg
  • Checked: βœ… Yes (2023-07-04 00:59:53)
  • Source URL:
  • Original Source:
    English: I took photo with Canon camera of Andrew Carnegie at National Portrait Gallery. Public domain.
  • Author:
    Unidentified painter Β 
    Description 20th-century portrait paintings of men, with Not identified, Unspecified, Unmentioned, Unattributed, UnknownUnknown or Anonymous artists.
  • Date taken: circa 1905date QS:P571,+1905-00-00T00:00:00Z/9,P1480,Q5727902[1]
2/ Filename: birthplace-of-andrew-carnegie-dunfermline-1mIKI7Un.jpg
  • Checked: βœ… Yes (2023-07-04 00:59:54)
  • Source URL:,_Dunfermline.jpg
  • Original Source: Own work
  • Author: Kilnburn (talk) 15:02, 7 February 2009 (UTC)
  • Date taken: 04/11/08
3/ Filename: andrew-and-thomas-carnegie-project-gutenberg-etext-17976-73HsUluT.jpg
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4/ Filename: pullman-sleeping-car-circa-1860s-4p7005Sn.jpg
  • Checked: βœ… Yes (2023-07-04 00:59:57)
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    eBay item photo front

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  • Author: The Pullman Company, Chicago-imprint on lower left front of photo.
  • Date taken: 9 December 1924
5/ Filename: eads-bridge-from-laclede-s-landing-sep-2012-x62TQhQ4.jpg
  • Checked: βœ… Yes (2023-07-04 00:59:59)
  • Source URL:,_Sep_2012.jpg
  • Original Source: Own work
  • Author: Mitchell Schultheis
  • Licence: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
  • Date taken: 8 September 2012
6/ Filename: andrew-carnegie-circa-1878-project-gutenberg-etext-17976-G337n668.jpg
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7/ Filename: bessemer-converter-xCxbh4M8.jpg
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8/ Filename: us-pa-1891-p750-bessemer-the-edgar-thomson-steel-works-and-blast-furnaces-UO21wzH0.jpg
9/ Filename: james-bryce-1st-viscount-bryce-andrew-carnegie-project-gutenberg-etext-17976-20Dru2e8.jpg
  • Checked: βœ… Yes (2023-07-04 01:00:03)
  • Source URL:,_1st_Viscount_Bryce_%26_Andrew_Carnegie_-_Project_Gutenberg_eText_17976.jpg
10/ Filename: carnegie-1903-310Xzt92.jpg
  • Checked: βœ… Yes (2023-07-04 01:00:04)
  • Source URL:
  • Original Source: Puck Magazine June 1, 1903, published New York City
  • Author: Louis Dalrymple.
  • Date taken: 1903

Andrew Carnegie Famous Network

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